Top Software Testing Trends in 2020

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15 January 2020 Apphawks

Year 2020: State Of Testing

Let’s break down Testing in 2020.  We know what’s coming thanks to “The State of Testing” project. 

“The State of Testing” was initiated by the ParctiTest in the partnership with the TeaTimeWithTesters to study the testing community. 

What challenges does it faces, what are its active feature and what are its practices? It is all analyzed and deeply studied to shed light on the existing problems and come up with a beneficial solution to that problem and a way to improve after aggressive discussion and meetings. 

After concluding the problem and discussing the factors needed to be adopted for improvement, the final report is prepared and  translated into many languages. 

It is then shared globally, and a meeting is arranged again via webinar with the QA experts and leaders. Its purpose is to further analyze the report followed by rigorous QA sessions to discuss its effects and benefits. 

Ok, so what’s coming in software testing trends in 2020.

Software Testing Trends 2020

These days, business is making its place in the intense market area which demands reliability and quality of the products to further expand the shares in the market.

Powerful software testing is a demand to verify the latest software. The software is tested to provoke better performance and better Return on Investments (ROI).

Because of the sensitivity and peculiarity of the Software Development Life Cycle, more businesses every day are inclined towards the state of testing cycles and are more adamant to invest in the latest and most innovative services of software testing.

With each passing day, there is an advancement in software development due to the innovations in technologies and various methodologies of the development process. Because of to this advancement in software development, the software testing trends are also updated frequently to meet the methodologies and technologies of the high quality of the software.

In the innovation of software development techniques like Agile and DevOps, software testing plays a significant role. For the following technologies, the most efficient testing methodologies and strategies required are:

  • Shift towards Automation
  • IoT
  • The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
  • Cyber-Physical Systems
  • Cloud Computing
  • Artificial Intelligence with Machine Learning

It is strongly suggested that businesses should focus on the most innovative and important automatic software testing trends  to get the maximum benefits in the market.

testing trend

There is no doubt that software testing is always evolving but here are some of the most prominent testing trends which are expected to turn out in 2020:

  1. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning (AI/ML)

  2. Test Automation in Agile Teams

  3. Big Data

  4. QAOps: Quality Assurance Sees Changes in DevOps Transformation

  5. IoT Testing

  6. Demands for Cybersecurity and Risk Compliance

  7. Blockchain Testing – An Emerging Technology

  8. Performance Testing – Switching Towards Performance Engineering

  9. Surge in Security Testing

Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning

It is predicted through the previous testing reports that the intelligent automation will be a top testing trend in 2020. 

The use of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning has the privilege in the software testing throughout the several years. This helps the QA teams to enhance their manual and automation testing strategies and to speed up their adaptation process. 

Back in 2019, the Quality Assurance (QA) teams also used this AL/ML testing software to predict the quality of test, detect test objects, classifying defects to interact with the applications under test and much more.

AI is predicted to be ever-present in every aspect of the latest and innovative technologies. It is also estimated that the investment in this testing software will reach up to 200 billion dollars by 2025. For the reports and the analytics, these features of AI are mostly used:

Log Analytics
Resolving the unique test cases that need manual and automated testing as well. 

Test Suite Optimization
Detecting and eliminating unwanted test cases.

Ensure Test Requirements Coverage
Extracting keywords from Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM).

Predictive Analytics
Predicting key factors and aspects of end-users behavior and identifying the application areas to focus on.

Defect Analytics
Identifying defects or application areas that lead toward the business risks.

On the other hand, machine learning (MI) is predicted to reach new level in 2020. According to a report, in 2019 almost 38% of organizations implemented this machine learning method in their projects and this percentage is bound to only rise in 2020. 

Apart from all the positive aspects and benefits of the AL/ML testing software applications, they are still regarded as in their initial stages of the testing software. It is also said by the experts that both need some time to reach the maturity level.QA

Test Automation In Agile Teams

Test Automation was the top testing trend in 2019 when 44% of the IT companies used it for almost 50% of their testing, and in 2020 it is expected to only get higher. 

Test automation has become a significant tool in the software testing because the number of organizations to adopt the Agile and DevOps methodologies for fulfilling the demand for quality is continuously increasing. 

Test automation software helps in performing repetitive tasks, detecting bugs faster and more accurately, ensuring the coverage and providing continuous feedback loops. 

These are the reasons that IT organizations can save a lot of time, money and human resources if they use automated testing in their quality assurance process.

Apart from all these aspects, test automation still cannot be a proper and complete substitution of manual testing. It is recommended that the Quality Assurance teams should combine the manual and automated testing to ensure the best software quality. 

Because test automation is easy to say and difficult to do, many businesses have failed to get the most out of it and do not receive the desired Return on Investment. 

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The developers of the test automation software should always keep on upgrading and modifying its features in order to fully satisfy the demands of Quality Assurance. It is predicted that the 2020 test automation solutions fall under the following criteria:

  • It will be made easy to adopt and use for the end-users with or without any testing experience.
  • It will support intelligent frameworks, which means that it will let the issues resolve themselves.
  • It will maximize test coverage and also ensure the quality of  the qpp.
  • It will have the complete cross-platform testing for API, mobile, web, API, and desktop automation. 

Big Data

From technology to healthcare, retail, banking, telecom to media and so on, big data plays a significant role in these businesses and many others as well. 

In the big data testing software, more attention is given on the employment of data to the segment and optimization of the decision-making processes. Through the help of big data, companies can deal with various types of data and data in excessive amounts as well. 

It can also help make the decision-making process better and also to enhance the market strategies with the authentic data authorization. In this data-oriented and technology-dependent world many businesses are inclined toward the big data software. It is then predicted that the demand for big data will increase at an exponential rate.

As mentioned earlier, the need for big data will rise in 2020 and the need for its anonymous applications will follow the same trend. This is because of the reason that many organizations are following the aggressive processes to make the majority of their marketing strategies.

QAOps: Quality Assurance Changes in DevOps Transformation

It is possible that you’re familiar with the DevOps methodology. 

DevOps is a combination of two things, Development (Dev) and Information Technology Operations (Ops). 

The aim of DevOps is to shorten the software development life cycle. That way testing teams can focus on other development functions, like pushing numerous updates which are in association with business goals and fixing bugs.

Just like the DevOps, the goal of QAOps is to enhance the process of communication between the original developers and the testing engineers by assimilating  the testing of the software in the CI/CD, rather than leaving it to Quality Assurance teams to operate in isolation

QAOps can be defined in two fundamental steps:

  • QA activities are assimilated in the CI/CD channels.

  • QA engineers are involved in the whole process of CI/CD channel and they work in collaboration with the developers.

One of the main examples of some companies adopting the QAOps is Facebook. In 2014, to enforce the login review across all apps and to shift to Facebook Graph API version 2.0, the Facebook team tested the new version of QAOps on the five thousand largest apps in order to ensure the smooth migration process. 

The team chose to apply QAOps through outsourcing. The result was that the Facebook team was able to complete the goal of testing those largest five thousand apps in just one month and they addressed some serious problems they were unable to solve internally.

The QAOps philisophy is not limited to be applied only by the giant tech companies but also by medium and small teams as well. Its applications can be flexed and merged to fit in any size of the businesses. 

With its remarkable features, the QAOps is predicted to become a top software testing trend in 2020 along with the DevOps.

IoT Testing

In a report by Gartner, it is predicted that the total number of IoT devices will reach about 20.5 billion in the whole world by 2020. These IoT devices are processed through the vigorous testing for the following reasons:

  • Security Assurance

  • Trustworthiness

  • Ease of Use

  • Compatibility of Device Versions and Protocols

  • Versatility of Programming Items

  • Monitoring Connection Delay

  • Scalability

  • Data Integrity Evaluation

  • Device Authenticity

Internet of Things testing engineers need to manage a tremendous amount of work in this field, particularly in observing communication protocols and operational systems. The QA groups should also widen their knowledge and enhance their skills for the usability, security, and performance of IoT testing as well.

Another challenger in the coming years for the IoT tester is based on the strategy development. Recently, a survey of the World Quality Report was done, and the results were that 34% of respondents said that although their products have the IoT functionality, their teams are still unable to devise or find the proper testing strategies

Demands for Cybersecurity and Risk Compliance

The demand for security is the ever-present issue and it is only predicted to get higher and higher in the coming years. Although the digital revolution has its extraordinary pros, it also comes with numerous security threats as well. 

For this purpose, the CIOs and CTOs from almost every company and from all the areas always put stress on the importance of the security issues and security tests for their systems, software, networks, applications, etc. 

For this purpose, the security teams work with the collaboration of their partners in order to make their products more resistant to threats, thus taking the cybersecurity to a whole new level.

These security tests not only make sure the safe transactions of money and data but also provide complete protection to their end-users. Because cyber threats are always alarming, and they can take place at any moment and in any form, the security tests will always be a popular topic in the next and coming years as well.

These are the best software testing trends which were followed in 2019 and are expected to get higher and to gain maturity level by 2020. This is not the aspect which we have to focus on. Our main topic of discussion is about the predictions which the state testers and testing industries have to face in 2020.

As the digital transformation is constantly evolving, testing engineers, as well as software product enterprises, must keep themselves up to date with the latest changes and innovations. 

Quality Assurance teams, leaders and practitioners should take these trends into account to build the most ultimate strategies, climbing up to a new level in the software testing industry. 

Predictions For 2020 Testing Industries

The use of Artificial Intelligence has prevailed in 2019. 

From the biometrics being excessively used in security and also a significant element in one of the biggest tech creations, Tesla cybertruck, which is bulletproof and electronic as well, proving itself to be a perfect combination for any car. 

This is a thing related to the use of technology in the security purposes of daily life but the expectations of artificial intelligence in software testing are something different. Following are some predictions briefed about the use of artificial intelligence in the software testing industries:

Role Of Digitization In Real Life Will Prevail

Digitization is the conversion of pictures sound and text into a digital form that can be later processed by the computer. 

The CEO of Anyline, Lukas Kinigadner said that he believes that the technology will prevail and will have greater effects on the daily lives of the people. 

He said that in the year 2019 digital transformation was common. But in 2020, the digitalization will continue to prevail, and it will be actively converting the physical world into a digital world. 

Because of this, the need for technologies will rise and the use of mobile optical character recognition will become dominant in all industries.

Connected Services Will Help To Grow Sustainability Of Products

John Phillips, the MD of EMEA Zuora, believes that the intelligent technology will make the organizations reach the higher sustainability goals of their products. It is a need of every customer that they demand reliability and sustainability of the products and that they should be environment-friendly.

The producers are always thinking about the ways how they can attract their consumers and make their offers more appealing and attractive towards them, to show their value in front of their competitors and offering high-quality products. 

Artificial Intelligence: Augmentation Will Win Out Over Displacement

AI will have the ability to dominate the transformation field and more firms will be using it to help with customer issues.

Some other main predictions are made for the 2020 testing industries which are as follows.

  1. The evolution of the inbox

  2. Consumers will take control of their vulnerability to fraud

  3. The need for cybersecurity testing skills will grow

  4. Bots will become a mainstream adoption

All the latest technology will not save you if you leave the front door unlocked, because hackers are always one step ahead.

Let us know what software testing trends 2020 you expect.
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Agile Testing: The Agile Mindset of QA Testers

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02 December 2019 Apphawks

Agile Testing – A Modern Age Documentary 

The purpose of AGILE testing is that it makes sure that any software, as it is being developed and formed is liable to be used for the general public. This form of software testing is unlike others as it is not a final sweeping touch or check performed on software after it is developed and created.

Instead, agile testing occurs at every stage of the software’s formulation. This helps in allowing the developers to produce the best possible thing in the end. 

There are many aspects of agile testing that differentiates it from other testing types. So, let’s discuss a bit about all the things that go into this practice. 

How Does The Testing Process Work Within the Development?

When you say ‘testing’ the first thing that comes to your mind is running the software and using it like it is meant to be used to detect any flaws. But agile testing is so much more than that and instead of just sheer practices, the activity could be labeled more as quality assurance. That is why the testers who are given this task, are usually referred to as QAs instead of just testers. In the field of AGILE, the testing process supports the development in parallel.

It is again important to mention that testing in this work sphere is not a final touch-up but instead a careful process that is carried out while the software is growing in development. It’s mostly referred to by the QAs as “we test as we build”.

The purpose of testing in the AGILE world aims at two primary objectives:

First and foremost, the testing procedures employed are not to detect any issues but in fact to prevent them from occurring and existing in the first place.

This goal is supported majorly by the second one, which is that the testers have to connect with the development team as soon as they detect any defects. This quick connection and synchronisation is done with the help of automated tests.

The way by which agile testing occurs sets it apart from other testing methods in the IT industry because of the careful and fail-safe procedures that are employed. There are specific modules and testing types, such as risk based testing, automated regression testing and exploratory testing. These are different approaches than those that focus on writing down test cases and planning beforehand. Everything in agile is done on time and with efficiency and immediate results.

An agile tester’s role is not one that comes at the end or in the middle of the software creation. The testers are generally brought in at the very beginning of everything so as they are in and aware of everything. Their roles mainly start when they begin to review user stories to see if they are abiding by the INVEST principle. After that they take part in a 3-amigos session in order to distinguish the story details and acceptance criteria. Moreover, if the firm is reinforcing the use of BDD, consequently the testers will scribe out scenarios in Gherkin language which are later used to corporate with step definitions.

The automated tests that the testers do are run in a CI/CD pipeline whenever the team is working on a new build. UI automated tests, in some situations, are also part of the new builds as long as they are quickly responsive.

agile testing cycle

The Responsibilities of a  QA Tester in an Agile Work Space

There are many things that go into being a tester in an agile team. The job requires a certain amount of qualifications from the tester. These start with the agile testing mindset that can be briefed in 12 simple principles. 

This mindset aids the testers in understanding what the team’s actual objective is. 

1. Assistance in Quality and NOT Assurance of Quality
2. Rigorous, Continuous Testing and NOT Final Checks/Tests
3. Team’s Duty for Quality and NOT Tester’s Duty for Quality
4. Teamwork Approach and NOT Independent/Departmental Testing
5. Automated Tests/Checking and NOT Manual Regression Testing
6. API/Technical Testing and NOT GUI Testing Only
7. Customer Needs/Stories and NOT Company Requirement Specifications
8. Exploratory Testing and NOT Scripted Testing
9. Formulation of the Finest Software and NOT Breaking the Software
10. Early Involvement/Beginning Involvement and NOT Late Involvement/End Involvement
11. Short Feedback Return Time and NOT Delayed Feedback
12. Preventing Issues and NOT Detecting Issues

It is with the help of these 12 principles that an agile tester can map out what exactly is needed from him or her. The principles are, what you could call, job requirements. But apart from the principles, there are certain traits and characteristics also required from the tester such as:

Tester must be positive, fast thinker, team worker and a problem-solver
Tester must have a keen eye and detect quality and provide criticism about the software

  • Tester must personally receive information from the stakeholders (not just written data)
  • Tester must be a good evaluator and can report the test results, progress and end product’s quality
  • Tester must collaborate with his/her team and be able to work with 2-3 programmers
  • Tester must be quick to respond to change or urgent changes (improving test cases)
  • Tester must be neat and orderly to organise and plan their own work.

After the tester is ensured to play a fitting role in all of these specifications, they are now set out to perform their agile testing activities and responsibilities. The principles and traits listed out above help in ensuring whether or not the tester belongs in an agile environment or not. After that has been ruled out there are a certain set of activities that are asked from them to fulfil. These include:

  1. Comprehending the Agile Test Strategy, implementing and updating it
  2. Clarify the definition of “Acceptance Criteria” and “Definition of Done (DoD)” to product owners
  3. Reporting and calculating test coverage to all teams and over all platforms
  4. Ensuring the testing tools are used appropriately and fittingly
  5. Managing test data and test environments through configuration and use
  6. Staying in the loop with the team through writing and performing automated checks
  7. Informing the team of any traces of defect and working to resolve the issues
  8. Teaching the other team members about the aspects of testing
  9. Scheduling of the correct testing tasks during iteration planning and release
  10. Playing an active role in discussing requirements with business and developer stakeholders
  11. Participating in meetings and sessions with the team to suggest improvements, story grooming and stand up meetings.

Iterative Model Challanges Faced with Agile

Iterative models are exactly what the name depicts! Basically, the goal is to develop software in small portions (increments). Iterative models that have gained popularity in the past include the Agile methodology: XP, Scrum etc. 

The objective is to formulate the working system in small bits and pieces the team submits at the end of every iteration. In this sort of way, business functionality is not compromised. The testers are able to test every chunk of available product and it is integrated as well besides that. This approach helps in incorporating a lot of functionality, reliability and assurance into the process of software development. 

So, when you look at the iterative model approach from the point of view of the testers, it can be seen that testable systems are produced earlier in the cycle of developing that software. As much as that may be quite convenient to the testers and the team in general, there are undoubtedly a few challenges that do come up because of this approach. 

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One of the most obvious and challenging situations is that the iterative model places the testers in keeps evolving. Since the system is constantly changing, the software team, as well as the testers, need to adopt new methods and approaches to tackle this issue. 

New system code is being introduced all the time and testing has to be done at that precise instant when the iterative model provides a new chunk of software. In order for the next chunk to start its development or for the whole team to move forward, the current formulated chunk must be tested immediately. In this case, the testing team views the software as a moving target. They have to keep tabs on it and consistently switch their methods to adhere to the transforming and demanding situation. 

Risk is also a factor that plays a big role in iterative models. Since every time a new increment arrives, it overrides the previous one and adds more functionality and features to the previous one, that also provides a risk of regression to a big extent. 

Basically, when a new chunk of software arrives, the testing team has to check the whole software all over again to ensure that nothing is broken or defective. The process becomes lengthier and lengthier as the chunks start to increase in number. The more increments of the software, the more important it is for the testing team to regression test all of the features introduced so far. 

This consistent testing and checking requires a keen eye, patience and the ability to be able to go through something so many times but still treat it as a new model and analyze it as one too. As the tester is prone to seeing the same thing one very often, things might slip from their attention. That is not supposed to happen and the software testers have a certain amount of responsibility on them to perform this task with great care. 

Another great challenge that is imposed on iterative models like Agile is that the presence of a tester to perform agile testing is at times questioned. Although those are quite extreme situations, that only happens in very rare cases, it is still possible. The reason behind this is that Agile is not a model that is in favor of formal methods or heavy processes. 

The majority of agile teams recognize the importance of testers for them and thus testers are placed with a responsibility of suitably adjusting to their agile world properly. In regards to the tasks that are required from them, as well as the specifications of the specific agile world they are in. 

But, testers should not handle that much stress on top of their heads. Testing groups are mostly needed to prevent defects and detect them but the possibility of eliminating all possible and imminent defects is near impossible. 

And although most of the time organizations and stakeholders demand software and end products that are 100% free of defects, the company will not exactly be prepared to make such investments or reach that very high objective. Sometimes they won’t even go close to fulfilling that desire. 

Traditional Testers vs Agile Testers – What are the Differences?

As mentioned previously, traditional testing methods are quite different than agile testing as there are many features and requirements that go into becoming an agile tester. Let’s explore the differences here below:

Traditional Testing – What Does It Comprise Of?

1. Traditional testing is executed with a top-down approach paired with a model that is easily predictable and understandable. Moreover, the testing is performed through a step by step process. 

2. One of the most distinguishable features about traditional testing is that it always happens at the end of the software development process. After the software is fully created and ready to be used, then the traditional testing takes place. 

3. When the team works together and adopt the practice of traditional testing, they usually start testing different modules of the same software separately. 

4. The fundamentals of traditional testing are not easily bent or changed. They are set in stone and they have to be followed by the book. 

5. In traditional testing, if there are any changes or modifications needed to be done, they are always done when the next release of the software comes around. 

6. Over here, while unit testing is taking place it is performed with every module and is consequently followed by integration and system testing.

7. Not many tools are used during the testing process because when it comes to traditional testing the rule is manual testing. It is the main focus and tools are considered to be more of a rarity.

8. Risk management is not an approved practice, nor is it preferred in a traditional testing workplace. 

9. Feedback regarding the testing process is usually taken from the end users after all the testing process is complete.

10. No joint interaction or collaboration between team members since the testing procedure is performed in phases.

11. This testing procedure needs extensive reporting and documenting through its course. 

12. It is time consuming and requires a lot of effort and money.

13. Although product quality is confirmed in the end, it does take a relatively more time to prepare the end product.

Agile Testing – What Does It Comprise Of?

1. Agile testing follows a very comprehensive procedure that includes iteration and an adaptive model.

2. This testing type usually works with the agenda of “test first” and the defects that are detected later on are resolved during each sprint and then the end product is released.

3. The team working together on the product collaborate actively and communicate openly in a conjoined workspace. 

4. Rules are not that hard and fast in agile testing, as they can be changed and, according to the user and business requirements, adapted.

5. Unlike traditional testing, modifications are actually incorporated in the next sprint of the software testing cycle. 

6. Independent testing is a foreign concept because the agile testing team is actually integrated with Scrum team as well to ensure the highest accuracy in results. 

7. Tools are in common use all the time to keep up to date with technological development and provide faster results. 

8. Agile testing utilizes efficient and timely risk management which is highly effective.

9. Accurate feedback is provided whilst the agile testing is in motion which consequently ensures the best understanding for the testing process and consequently the quality of the end product is better.

10. Continuous updating and interaction is always going on between the team members.

11. Minimum to almost no reporting and documenting is required.

12. Agile testing is cheaper and more efficient than traditional testing as it does not require that much money and even less effort is spent throughout the whole process. 

13. Quick delivery is ensured with agile testing and the quality of the software produced in the end is guaranteed to be of the finest quality. 

Summary

Agile testing is a product of the fast advancing and progressing technological world where software development is required to be of top-notch quality. 

It is a more preferred mode of testing and checking as it incorporated key features and aspects that are otherwise not found in other forms of testing such as traditional testing. 

It is easier to a considerable extent than other testing methods as it relies on tools communication, automatic delivery of information and joint team work. Thus the load and stress on each tester is considerably smaller as when you compare it to traditional testing.

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Web Testing Services For Enhanced Results

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12 November 2019 Apphawks

Testing the functionality of the web applications before they are released to the end users and finding and clearing bugs, errors, and glitches in the application, ensuring that the software meets the specifications of the enterprise, improving the quality of the processes, etc. are a part of the process.

Many companies in the market provide QA testing services to enterprises. The independent companies help enterprises in delivering quality products and services to the customers. Enterprises can either outsource their projects to these companies or hire QA Engineers to work in-house until the project is completed.

Stability and improved performance are the main focus of QA (Quality Assurance) testing services. Web testing is a multi-step process and ensures that the web application runs smoothly.

Component Testing

The testing is performed individually on each component of the application without integrating it with other components. It is also known as Module Testing, Program Testing, or Unit Testing.

Interface Testing

This testing is done to ensure that the communication between the two different systems is working without errors. API, web services, etc. are commonly used interfaces in any software application.

Usability Testing

The usage of a web application is tested to see where end users might encounter problems or face confusion. It is further divided into comparative usability testing, explorative usability testing, and usability evaluation.

Performance Testing

Testing the performance of a software application is a complex process. End to end testing from the perspective of the end user will give an idea about how the application will work. Development performance testing at the unit level is recommended.

These are some of the commonly used Web Testing Services in the industry. The testing services can be automated to provide better results for the enterprise. With automation, the ROI and productivity improves.

There are certain steps to be followed to ensure the right kind of results.

  • Plan the test cases that need to be automated.
  • Test the application early (at every stage) and test it regularly.
  • Select the right kind of tools for testing.
  • Divide the work among the QA Engineers to simultaneously work on the project.
  • Conduct and plan quality manual test cases to check that everything is as per the specification.
  • Create automated tests that are resistant to the changes in the user interface.
  • Maintain compatibility of the application throughout the process.
  • Conduct performance and load testing.

There are many benefits of web testing services. Let us take a look at some of those.

  • Examine the functional and non-functional parts of the application.
  • Database testing will make sure that links in the application are aligned correctly and will lead to the right pages.
  • Performance and usability testing will make sure that the application flow is uninterrupted and the interface looks good on the website.
  • The reliability of the software application is enhanced.
  • Testing will verify that all the APIs are operating as per the expectations and are returning the right responses.
  • Security, reusability, and interoperability are checked so that the application is safe and reliable.
  • Web applications can be tested in the cloud environment.
  • It will help in reducing the testing efforts over regression cycles.
  • Web applications can be tested using automated testing to save time and simplify the process of testing.

The companies provide consultancy services where various elements of the QA operations of the enterprise are evaluated to understand how things can be changed to improve the overall performance, reliability, and quality of the end product or service.

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Cost Of A Software Bug

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08 November 2019 Apphawks

Considering the cost of a software bug and the amount of effort that goes behind the whole process of testing in order to find bugs, many companies tend to avoid the whole process. But this only leads to the formation of a flawed product, which ultimately will not be serving the purpose.

A website is supposed to attract the targeted audiences in maximum number and bring the profit through them as well. It is supposed to function exactly how the company designed it to be, but without software testing, it will never be able to do all that. The presence of bugs in a system is inevitable, and knowing the cost of a software bug and performing tests thoroughly is a must as well.

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In this article, we will be discussing in detail the aspects of the cost of a software bug, and in general, why software testing is such an important step to consider for all the software companies out there. Next, focusing on the cost of software testing bugs, we will be discussing the direct cost of a software bug as well as the indirect cost of software bugs. 

We will be discussing the issues one will face if they ignore the process of testing and detecting the presence of bugs in the system, followed by what can be the cost of a software bug at different stages of development and testing.

Why Emphasize On Software Testing So Much?

Software testing is a detailed procedure in which flaws are basically searched for on the website or software. Multiple tests are written, keeping in mind certain situations and criteria which will help in making the app go through different environments, and checking will be done on how it performs under different areas. 

Accordingly, flaws or bugs will be detected in the system. If any are present, proper measures will be taken further to eliminate them.

Not emphasizing on what is the cost of a software bug, let’s see what not performing software testing can cost you:

  • A flawed system is comprising of disputes. The software or website will not work effectively under different situations and will not function properly on different devices as well.
  • Degraded user experience. Your targeted audience will find it difficult to navigate through your website and hence will not gravitate towards your website on a regular basis.
  • Loss in product sale. Since user experience is damaged in the first place, it is obvious that your products will also not get the deserving attention from your targeted audience and will not be sold either.
  • The cost for development and support increases as the bug creates complications in the system. The whole development process is delayed due to this, and also the requests from the customer support system keep building up. This in turn jams the entire system.
  • There will be a delay in the process of adding new features to the system because time will be required to fix the previously detected issues. That will ultimately delay the whole process in general.
  • Customer’s credibility is decreased to a huge extent which is one of the main reasons behind the degraded reputation of the company.
  • There will be a massive drop in the revenue since user experience is hampered. There will be a lot of unsubscriptions happening, people will not buy the products, and ultimately there will be a drop in the revenue production as well.
  • There will be bad reviews generated about the company and the products. Due to hampered user experience, the feedback that will be posted on the website will be not positive, obviously.

Cost Of A Software Bug Depending On The Different Stages

Now let’s see what is the cost of a software bug, depending on the different stages where it is detected.

Early Development

Finding the flaw at the stage of the early development of the website or software.

If this is done, then the cost of the software bug will be greatly reduced, going as far as next to zero. Because flaws are found at the initial stage; hence, the complication is not such a huge factor here, and the defect can be easily fixed almost immediately.

If the defect is not detected immediately, but by the developer or some other employee at a later stage.

In this case, the cost of a software bug will increase because the extra effort is put behind it, and it went out of the developer’s grip while it was during development. The moment when a tester enters the process of testing the cost of a software bug will be counted into it.

Detecting The Cause Of The Bug

This is the place that clearly controls the cost of a software bug, and it keeps elevating as the complication in the system also increases.

Fixing The Bug After The Software Or Website Is Launched

As more aspects are added to the system, the amount of complication keeps elevating. And as the complication increases in the system, finding the primary cause for the bug also increases. Hence a lot of effort goes behind first finding the bug (and how to reproduce it), then searching for the cause or the roots of the bug, and lastly fixing it is some other level of work. Due to all of this, the cost of a software bug is also increasing.

Read More=> Mobile Testing Services

Fixing the bug will obviously charge you a good fortune, but other than the cost of a software bug, if it remains undetected in the system, it will keep causing a loss in the sale and hamper your user experience as well. Hence, other than the cost of a software bug, you will be losing a lot of your profits as well.

So if estimated, the cost of a software bug is not something which is light on the pockets, unless it is detected in the initial stage of development. Otherwise, as the stages get complicated and features are added as well, the price keeps elevating.

Direct and Indirect Cost Of Software Bug

Other than the generic cost of a software bug, there are two types of main costs, namely direct and indirect costs.

Direct Costs

This includes the money that the management invests as a whole in the development of the project, including the salary of the employees and developers as well as the quality assurance work.

Indirect Costs

This can be considered an extra cost which you need to avoid as much as possible. If testing is conducted, bugs will obviously remain in the system, the complications it will cause due to its presence will be falling under the indirect costs. 

To fix all the problems caused by the bug, the amount of money you will spend will be considered as nothing but indirect costs. To avoid it, you need to conduct testing procedures for your project. If the bug is detected in the initial stage or the development stage, then you can easily save a lot of money and also create a project devoid of any minor or major problems in it.

Cost of Software Bug In Real Life

Now let’s dig deeper into knowing what the cost of a software bug can be in real life.

According to the Tricentis’ in-house Software Fail Watch report, the worldwide software failure cost reached somewhere near $1.1 trillion in 2016. This is estimated by taking into account the big companies whose systems failed due to the presence of bugs. There were around 363 such companies, and in turn, it affected around 4.4 billion customers as well.

A few years back, one such complication was seen in the system of Amazon, where their site went down for 20 minutes. This incident took place in 2016, and there was a loss of $3.75 million for this reason as well. This was the loss generated since the site was down, and customers couldn’t make a purchase; apart from that, there were also other costs associated with fixing the complication as well. 

The cost of a software bug is not just a one-time cost; it has multiple cons where you need to spend a good fortune. The cost of a software bug basically involves money to fix its causes or roots and also its effects.

Read More=> Automation Testing Services

In 1962, similar sort of complication was detected in the system of NASA as well. When NASA launched its Mariner 1 spacecraft to venture Venus, the system of the spacecraft gave issues due to the presence of bugs in it. After the spacecraft was launched, it veered off since the bugs started taking over the system. Ultimately, a NASA employee had to command it to self-destruction. All of this happened because a single hyphen was missing in the code, which eventually led to all the complications. The whole project was for $18 millions, and a small unidentified complication resulted in the entire expense of $18 millions to go to waste.

In the year 1990, a similar complication was seen in systems of AT&T when they updated their software for long-distance calling. But unfortunately, the system could not cope up with the speed change in the process and ultimately crashed. Due to this long-distance calls were stopped for almost 9 hours. Over 2000000 airline reservations were not found, and there were around 75 millions lost or missed phone calls generated. The whole chaos cost the company around $60 millions.

Estimating the cost of a software bug is not a doable job because it depends on the stages where it is found. Hence calculating what the cost of a software bug will be is a relative work. 

If the bug is found in the absolutely initiating phase, during the necessary requirement gathering time, the cost of a software bug can be somewhere around $100. 

If the bug or complication is found by the company owner before the testing procedure is initiated, then the cost of a software bug and fixing it will be $1500. 

If the bug is found after the entire production procedure is completed, then the cost of fixing it will be somewhere around $2000. These are all still fixable cases and might not be that harmful long term but if the bug remains undetected, then the cost of fixing it will not be a concern. 

Rather than what will be an issue is the cost or the drop in revenue generation and the massive loss the company will face without knowing what is going wrong in their work.

What Can Be Done In Terms Of Fixing These Bugs?

The most important thing you need to do in terms of getting this totally under control is to test your system. Conducting proper and thorough tests is very important. Also, make sure you initiate a stage where code is reviewed so that any mistakes, if present, are detected easily.

Conduction of both automated as well as manual testing is really important. The majority of people often tend to indulge in only manual testing and avoid automated testing due to its higher cost. But both processes form a quintessential part while estimating the cost of a software bug. Always keep in mind that poor testing methods can elevate your cost of a software bug; hence, there is no point in taking risks in this matter. When you plan to go for it, invest in getting both manual testings, as well as automated testing for your project.

The presence of bugs in the system is nothing uncommon; nobody is so flawless in their job that they can develop something absolutely devoid of any issues; hence, investing in getting your system tested properly is something that cannot be an option. It is an utmost necessity and requires our full attention as well.

In order to finish the entire process correctly, one should aim for 80% of their time into sorting and performing proactive activities, like incorporating features and enhancing the condition of the product. And 20% of the time should be invested in sorting the reactive work, such as finding bugs and fixing them. If this pattern is followed correctly, then the end results will be great as well.

In this time of technological advancement, nobody wants to settle for anything less. When the numbers of software business and startups are flourishing, people are getting multiple options to inculcate from. In this case, they will never consider settling for companies that offer less to them. 

Attracting the targeted audience becomes a huge task in present-day situations; hence, compromising with the quality of the website or application is something that is no longer an option. Conducting tests is also no longer an option; it has become a necessity as well. 

Knowing the cost of a software bug and starting the work accordingly in order to initiate and complete the work with accurate and satisfactory end results is they key to success.

In terms of getting help in software testing, you can always rely on us at Apphawks. Our techniques and approach to handle our clients and provide a solution to them for their cases make us unique. 

If you plan to know anything about the QA Services, contact us .

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User Acceptance Testing Checklist: The Exhaustive Guide

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27 September 2019 Apphawks

User acceptance is an integral part of software testing, which not many people actually pay attention to. In the whole process of software development, user acceptance testing is the last and most integral step. 

To some extent, evaluates the future of the utility and performance of the software. Hence, making a user acceptance testing checklist is really important for all the companies out there. User acceptance testing (UAT) is nothing but the testing of the software with the outlook of targeted audiences who will ultimately use the software for their own benefit. 

  1. What user acceptance testing cover?
  2. What should be included in the user acceptance testing checklist?
  3. User acceptance test best practices
  4. UAT checklist for mobile apps
  5. User acceptance testing checklist for mobile app:
  6. How to conduct a user acceptance test?
  7. Examples of user acceptance testing
  8. The stage where user acceptance testing is performed.

Even though quality assurance is heading towards perfection, yet, there is still a long way to go. 

Companies should by hook or crook inherit these QA best practices because they not only bring a huge difference in their work but also enhances their business conditions as well, it helps them evolve as a company and attracts a major number of clients as well.

Let’s understand what it is

Imagine you invest your time and money into developing the software, you incorporate all the unique features into it, checked its technical aspect, but ultimately when it is launched into the market, it does not gain the appropriate amount of recognition which you thought it would.

This is going to bring ultimate disaster and is not going to be a fruitful result considering the amount of money and time goes behind the creation of the software. This is why having a user acceptance testing checklist is important

Every company should especially emphasize on creating a user acceptance testing checklist before they officially launch the app, web or any other digital product..

In the whole procedure of user acceptance testing, a certain number of targeted audiences are chosen by the company who are actually treated as their end testers. These targeted audiences get a chance of going through the website. Evaluate its working features, checks whether there are any bugs in the system, and if all the aspects of the software is uniformly functioning or not.

This whole process is so much important in the entire regime of software testing is because, when a company is creating software, the majority of them cannot predict what will satisfy the clients. They can go through the number of software existing in the industry, see what they are doing, how they are performing, but they cannot predict how the software will satisfy the targeted audiences fully. 

Hence letting the targeted audiences themselves see how the software working and taking their opinion on its overall functioning will solve all these confusions regarding the acceptance of the software in the industry.

uat checklist

There are already so many software existing in the market that it becomes really confusing for the targeted audiences to choose from. It might seem quite overwhelming that so many options are making it easier for the targeted clients to choose the correct software, but in reality, it is exactly the opposite. Most of the times, good software do not even reach to their targeted clients. 

This is exactly why having a user acceptance testing checklist is essential no matter what the status of the business is.  Having a user acceptance testing checklist is a game-changer in the entire process of software development.

What User Acceptance Testing Cover?

The user acceptance testing preferably covers up the end part of the testing procedure before the software hits the market via its official launch. Now you must be wondering what the actual need for keeping a user acceptance testing checklist is?

How can a user acceptance testing checklist make a huge difference? Or what does it even cover up?

Software developers and functional testers work in the stage where the technical work of the software is basically managed. Here the functional specifications and more is checked. But all of this is done through the preferences of the technical workers mainly. In the end, nobody can predict how the software is ultimately going to work or going to gain recognition from the mass as well.

This is exactly why user acceptance is needed. It covers up the issues which might hamper the overall quality of the software by conducting an end test thoroughly. Even if all the testing procedures are carried on before the end testing plays a quintessential role because, in the end, many defects remain unchanged and undetected which ultimately creates a mess when the software is finally launched.

A company who has failed in terms of impressing their targeted audience by not conducting the end tests in user acceptance testing knows what downfall it can cause and how it can hamper the entire effort put behind making the software.

Many people will think is user acceptance even making any difference in the whole process of software development?

After all the regressive testing and developmental checking, some people think user acceptance testing does not really make sense at all. But this is absolutely not true. It undoubtedly makes a huge difference in the entire outcome. Also, since potential users are involved mostly in this testing procedure, the entire procedure gets a comprehensive solution.

Even after all the technical checking and developmental testing, sometimes bugs remain in the system. They can be undetectable, but when the software has ultimately launched these bugs and complications will come into focus and will hamper the user experience of the software, which is not something anybody wants to experience. That is why we are emphasizing so much on having a user acceptance testing checklist.

uat testing

What should be included in the UAT Checklist?

The user acceptance testing  checklist should be an integral part of every software’s testing procedure. Planning a user acceptance testing checklist strategically is also an extremely important task; one should take time, understand the criteria for their software and then only implement the user acceptance testing checklist.

Let’s see what the important parts of an ideal user acceptance testing checklist are.

Getting Started With the UAT Project

Creating a solid plan for getting started with user acceptance testing checklist is actually the most difficult step because people generally cannot figure out how to get started and what to do. Here are the things with which one can get started with the project.

● Identify and select your potential stakeholders.
●  Have a proper conversation with them regarding the project.
●  Choose a team leader who will carry on all the legal paper works and the explaining work as well to the other team members.
● Discuss the business criteria, objectives and acceptance criteria with the team.
●  Gather your resources for user acceptance testing procedures. Try and evaluate the idea by taking ideas from someone who has been doing it effectively.
●  Create valid documentation on the user acceptance testing procedure depicting the steps and the probable outcomes as well.
●  Make discussions on the project structures.
●  Have a thorough discussion with the user acceptance testing team regarding all the working steps of the procedure initially.
●  Initiate a formal training session for the team who is going to work for the completion of the user acceptance testing procedures.

Plan For The User Acceptance Testing Procedure

Making plans for the user acceptance testing procedure.

● Firstly, take time in evaluating the process of system acquisition in order to determine the best approach for user acceptance testing procedure.
● Check if the business requirements and the user expectations have been recorded and explained correctly to the team who is going to work behind the initiation of the user acceptance procedures.
● Double-check the business requirements. If those are included or not should be checked twice.
● Create a list of the acceptance criteria and make sure it is properly depicted in your team as well.
● Make sure the scopes are clear and accurate and obviously effective.
● Evaluate the business process properly.
● Check the sustainability of the plan to serve the testing procedure correctly.

Special emphasize should be applied to creating the design for acceptance testing in order to get the desired outcome from the entire procedure.

● Present the full criteria for user acceptance testing in front of the team before starting.
● Review your test scripts before implementing them.
● Explain the user acceptance testing strategy thoroughly.
● Review the test acceptance conditions and evaluate the existing ones keeping adding some new ones if you think there is a need.
● Create test scripts on the basis of test cases.
● Make sure whatever test you are planning to conduct is covering all the requirements for the software.

User Acceptance Testing Execution

Now let’s focus on how a user acceptance test is executed or carried on in order to get the desired outcomes easily.

As a part of the execution of the user acceptance testing, here are the following things that one should follow:

● Verify the condition and the availability of the test environment.
● Create a high level of test schedule against user acceptance testing in order to sort your priorities easily.
● Explain the test schedule in order to make the most out of it and also get the best end results.
● Make sure the incidents are reported on time and in ultimate accuracy as well.
● Examine regularly how the procedure is being carried on and also if the team is performing all the steps and providing the reports as well.
● Collect and maintain a regular test report of the procedure for future use.

User Acceptance Testing Steps

Now comes the ultimate part, which is the release of the software. This part depicts the post user acceptance testing phase, mostly. Let’s focus on what are the steps which should be taken in order to be sure about the release of the software.

● Examine the status of the software instead of checking the acceptance criteria.
● The acceptance criteria will demand a certain period of time and effort in order to get fulfilled. Verify that and put special emphasis on it.
● Check the alternatives as well and evaluate its risks also.
● Make the stakeholders aware about the alternate dates of the release if required.
● Prepare the report for the user acceptance testing procedure before the final launch.

After the release, the activities in making user acceptance testing checklist might get over, but there are a lot of other things which requires special mention and should be taken care of in order to maintain the reputation of the software in the market and take notes on who it is performing as well.

● Provide post-release support to the targeted audiences.
● Conduct a training session to make them aware of the uses and beneficial aspects of the software.
● Keep testing.
● Publish user acceptance public report and also let your clients ask questions as well.

Having a user acceptance testing checklist is important, and to make it even better one requires inheriting the best practices in the procedure, so the outcome is always the best.

Now let’s see what the best user acceptance test practices are.

  •  Having an idea about your targeted audience is really important before conducting a user acceptance test or taking a user acceptance testing checklist this is because once you get a fair amount of idea what your targeted audience is looking for you will know in which direction you need to head on to in order to achieve the perfect sort of outcome.
  •  Preparing the plan for your user acceptance testing beforehand is really important. Never go with a plan which is being made in the eleventh hour. The requirements for the testing purpose keep changing hence take enough time to plan what the testing procedure will cover and then only finalize on following the user acceptance testing checklist; this is important because you will have enough time to evaluate all the aspects of testing and also you will also get the desired outcome.
  •  Creating a good structure user acceptance testing management system is really important. The system or the management team working behind the initiation of the plans and then carrying on the whole procedure of testing diligently will require extremely efficient specialists. Creating a well-organized management team or system is really important since it plays a role equivalent to the backbone of the whole procedure.
  •     Practice the test scenarios before implementing them for real. This will give a proper idea and experience on how it will bring results by conducting it. Create scenarios of business requirements and accordingly conduct them with the help of the team.

●      Focus on defining the acceptance criteria even before the testing procedure is started. This will give a proper idea to the testers on how the work should be maintained in order to achieve the desired results.

User Acceptance Testing Checklist for Mobile Apps

For mobile testing the user acceptance testing checklist requires a lot of steps because mobile apps are more dynamically utilized than normal software and are quite fragile and also requires an extensive amount of precision as well.

The user acceptance testing for the mobile app is mainly divided into three parts, including:

  1. Performance on the device.
  2. Server performance.
  3. Network and connectivity performance.

Performance on devices

●      Starting of the app:

This is an important thing to be checked because if the app is taking a lot of time to load or even start, then it is instantly hampering the user experience of the app. Hence it should be checked before the final launch.

●      Battery utility of the app.

How much charge is taken up by utilizing the app is also quite important. An app which demands a lot of power is never going to be the targeted audience’s favourite.

●      Space demand of the app.

How much space the app is taking up in the mobile storage system is also an important factor which is to be checked before launch. The app should definitely not take up a humongous amount of space because that is quite a huge drawback.

●      Variations in software.

An app which is running smoothly on a particular model of the smartphone can misbehave when running on a different phone. This is a software variation issue which should be checked before the final launch.

●      Synchronization with other apps.

An app when running on a device should possess the power to allow another app also works. If there is a clash in between the work of two apps the device will be hampered, there will be a delay in the overall functioning of the device. Hence it should be checked beforehand only whether the app is working in harmony with other apps installed on the device.

Server performance

The app, while connecting with the server through API, the time taken to give any response, becomes an important factor and should be checked as well.

  •     Data loading time.

While communicating with the server, the app should be able to load the data in a shorter period of time. If the loading time is too long, it immediately makes the user impatient and thereby hampers the user experience of the app. Therefore checking of the data loading time should be done thoroughly.

  •     Server down issues.

If sometimes the server is down, there should be an alternative server present which will help in providing data and also maintain the functionality of the app. Otherwise, facilities of saving the data in the native server should also be done in order to maintain the user experience on a positive note.

Network and connectivity performance

  •     Take care of the jitters.

When there is a delay in the loading of information due to failure in connectivity with the network, the occurrence is called as jitters. Information is sent through packets when the network is not being able to send all the packets to the ultimate destination jitters occur. This is a common issue for apps hence checking of this and eliminating it from the system is important.

  •     Loss of packet.

When there is a loss in the packet, the app should be able to generate a message indicating the loss of information in order to let the user know what is wrong. Hence the app should inherit activities like popping messages to give an indication of the issue to the user.

  •     Speed of network.

The testing of the app should be done on various networks in order to see how it performs on different types of network connections like 2g, 3g, 4g. This will give a proper idea of the working feature of the app, and the user can also be informed regarding the connectivity of network in which the app will provide the maximum amount of output and function smoothly.

Other than this in terms of conducting user acceptance testing for mobile apps, it should also be checked how the app performs on different operating systems of smartphones like iOs and Android system. 

Apps which are meant to perform for both the system can sometimes fail to perform up to the expected level —  checking how it is functioning on both the system is really important in order to maintain the user experience of the app positive and also gain the maximum amount of recognition from the targeted audience.

How To Conduct A User Acceptance Test?

Conducting user acceptance testing procedure requires quite a lot of effort and planning. If the implementation of the user acceptance testing checklist is not done strategically and smartly, the outcomes would never bring the desired results which are going to be a huge downfall the company itself.

Developing software demands a lot of effort, rigorous testing practices and a lot more and in the end,
if the outcome is of not the desired quality, it is going to be a huge disappointment.

Elaborate your expectation from the user acceptance testing

It is very important to depict the actual reason behind conducting the user acceptance testing to the test participants and the other team members. This is important because depicting your expectations give a clear idea of how the end results should look and what are the measures that should be taken in order to achieve that end result. Also, when people understand the purpose of work, they actually take an interest in working for it.

user acceptance testing

Conduct user acceptance testing early and frequently.

Majority of the companies prefer conducting the user acceptance testing procedure at the end of the testing schedule. Towards the starting of the release or while approaching the release date companies to start hustling with the use of acceptance testing. 

This is not the correct approach to conduct user acceptance testing also due to the hustle quite a lot of things do not get included in the user acceptance testing checklist which ultimately does not bring better outcome in the end. Hence conducting the user acceptance testing should be performed from an early date and not in the eleventh hour before the final launch.

Find relevant and sincere test participants for the user acceptance testing procedure

Test participants play a quintessential role behind the entire procedure. They are the ones who find out the bugs existing in the system and help in elevating the quality of the software as well. If the test participants are not sincere, then they will never be able to detect the bugs, and the desired outcome will never be achieved as well. Hence choosing potential testers is really important. Conduct a thorough survey and then only make final decisions about choosing your test participants.

Create test assignments before conducting the final user acceptance testing procedure

Test assignments consist of test scenarios which depict real-life complications which might arise in the software once it hits the market. The test scenarios which you will create for your software user acceptance testing should depict the journey of user experience with it. It should consist of relevant numbers of scenarios which can arise in the course of using the software and how it can be cured as well.

Each test scenarios should cover a particular situation or complication that can arise

While writing the tests, make sure you use easily understandable language and avoid any kind of business-oriented language to make it complicated for the testers to understand. This is an important step because many companies tend to choose a certain number of the targeted audience as their end testers of user acceptance testing; these people are definitely not aware of business-oriented command and languages. Hence it is important the test scenario is written in simple and easily understandable language.

Elaborate every step in the test scenario

While you invest time in creating test scenarios, but the maximum amount of focus on creating quality test scenarios instead of focusing on the quantity. This will make sure whatever you put up for testing is covering the maximum amount of criteria and is ultimately bringing the desired outcome.

Before you finally implement your test scenarios, make you run a trial testing process in order to see how the test scenarios help in user acceptance testing ultimately.

Elaborate your expectation from the user acceptance testing

While making your test cases, make sure you make them all-rounder and reusable as well. Make sure they can be utilized in more than one step. This is an effective way of saving time and energy as well.

While conducting test scenarios, do not focus on finding only the defects in the software. Remember the whole motive of creating a user acceptance testing checklist is to enhance the quality of the software and its interactions with the targeted audience. Hence you should not focus on finding bugs instead of getting reports of the test make sure you conduct better steps to make the end results flawless.

While you conduct the testing procedure, make sure there is good communication existing between your team. Immediately after the defects are detected, make sure those are conveyed to the team who is responsible for rectifying the issues and making the end results flawless ultimately.

What are the challenges that one should overcome in order to get the perfect results through user acceptance testing?

●  Maintenance of a proper environment is something which is really important when it comes to carrying on testing procedures flawlessly. This is important because it influences the working capabilities of the tester as well to a huge extent. Hence creating an environment where tests are carried on smoothly is really important.

●  Test planning should be done in proper time. It should never be done in the eleventh hour this will create a huge amount of problem and a lot of criteria will be neglected in the course as well. The user acceptance testing should be planned and discussed with the team before the final implementation is done.

●  Choosing testers who are skilled and experience is also very important. Avoiding testers who are irresponsible and not experienced as well is really important in order to make the entire testing procedure flawless.

●  Lastly, there should be no blame game happening in the team. If any complication arises or if any bug remains unnoticed the blame has to be taken by someone in the team. This is not a drawback the actual drawback is wasting time blaming each other for the negligence.

Examples Of User Acceptance Testing

Software from any sector is that business, travel, and tourism, etc. should always pass through multiple steps of user acceptance testing before they are finally launched in the market. 

Having a user acceptance testing checklist is really important because it provides a detailed idea on the process of the user acceptance testing in order to achieve flawless end results.

Any software will be made to pass through a series of testing processes such as functional testing, integration testing, system testing, performance testing, and a lot more. But in the end, what matters the most is user acceptance testing. It influences the whole experience of audiences with the software ultimately; hence, it plays an important role here. User acceptance testing is mainly performed in two parts:

Alpha testing

Alpha testing is done by the testers on the developer’s site before the software is finally delivered to the end testers for the final user acceptance testing or Beta testing. 

Beta testing

This is the ultimate step of user acceptance testing. The end testers run the Beta testing for finding the ultimate defects in the system, and after completion, the software is finally ready for its final launch.

The stage where user acceptance testing is performed

Simply having a user acceptance testing checklist will not cure all your problems – actually knowing where to implement the aspects of it is also required. This is why one should be fully aware of what the actual stage is where user acceptance testing has to be performed.

There are multiple ways of developing software but the two phases where user acceptance testing is implemented consists of:

  •       Sequential development 
  •       Iterative development.

Sequential development

Sequential development is a process of developmental stages that goes in a V shape until its completion. Here user acceptance testing is the final step which checks the software’s functions keeping in mind the business requirements. 

Iterative development

In iterative approaches, the testing takes place in short sprints; this is done explicitly so that the functionality of the software becomes effective at the end of every sprint. User acceptance testing is required before getting done with each sprint. 

User acceptance testing is an integral part of software testing, which by now is quite evident through all the information that has been shared above. It is important and demands quite a good amount of effort and accuracy as well. 

Hence carrying on with a user acceptance testing checklist is not going to be an easy task. Making a user acceptance testing checklist is quite a hectic job and demands higher precision, one small mistake and the end results will not be flawless.

Having a user acceptance testing checklist is really important because it influences the status of the software once it hit the market and also becomes beneficial for the targeted audience. Hence neglecting the importance of a user acceptance testing checklist is a foolish decision for sure.

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