Top 20 Books To Read For CEO’s

18 August 2019 Apphawks

CEO! What does come to your mind when you come across this word. Passion? Boss? A leader? 

You already know that being a CEO is a big deal. They have so much responsibility and power in their hands that a normal person most probably can’t handle. So, you must think they are a scarce species of humans? Not at all! 

They are like any normal human being, but what makes them different is what they think, how they think and when they think. It is not the external features of a person that will make him a CEO one day, but it is their power of the mind, which takes them to such heights of success.

They all read books, great books which elevate their power of imagination. We are going to discuss the top 20 books for aspiring CEOs below.

Top 20 Books to read for CEOs

Managing Oneself by Peter F. Drucke

managing oneself

In his book ‘Managing Oneself’, Peter F. Drucker explains how you can develop a life of excellence in a world plentiful of unprecedented possibilities. The primary purpose behind it is simple: Concentrate on your strengths and form a profound conclusion of yourself. 

You need to study more about yourself than little insights into your strengths and weaknesses. You need to recognize how you learn, how you pull with others, what your powers are, and where you can make the most significant contribution. Only then will you realize true and enduring excellence.

The challenges of managing one-self may seem understandable, if not fundamental. And the answers may seem the self-apparent point of appearing naive. But managing oneself needs new and unique things from the individual, and particularly from the knowledge worker. 

In effect, managing one-self requires that each knowledge worker thinks and acts like a Chief Executive Officer.

The Celebrity CEO by Ramon Ray

The Celebrity CEO

The Celebrity CEO is the perfect guide to building a strong personal brand. By improving your brand, you will set your business aside from your opponents and become known as the specialist in your industry

Written for entrepreneurs and small business proprietors who want to make a considerable impact and build a faithful fan base, The Celebrity CEO is the origin for celebrity status in business. 

Learn from the originator of Smart Hustle Media, Ramon Ray, about how to have the mindset of a celebrity CEO and the tools to grow your tribe.

The Power of Habit by Charles Duhigg

This book assists us in understanding how habits are developed and how we can utilize them to our benefit, change them when we want to and substitute them when necessary. 

Duhigg does alert the readers that although we know the way habits are made and changed, it is not always simple to do it. Defining the actual cue, for instance, can take some experimentation and study. 

Charles Duhigg leads us to the thrilling edge of scientific findings that illustrate why habits exist and how they can be modified. 

With comprehending intelligence and expertise to extract large measures of information into exciting narratives, Duhigg brings to life a wholly different conclusion of human nature and its potential for alteration.

EntreLeadership by Dave Ramsey


Ramsey reveals how to work on your business rather than in it. He explains your company is only as great as its leaders, and your team will never develop exceeding you. 

So, the actual question is, “Are you growing”?

It is an excellent practical business book. It’s an abundance of good reminders for those with experience in reality, and it’s a unique method to understand the business from an entrepreneurial viewpoint. Highly recommend, especially if you’re in any business for yourself.

Tim Cook. The Genius Who Took Apple to The Next Level by Leander Kahney

The book talks about the journey of Tim Cook. How he became the CEO of the biggest company, the world and what came in his way and how he tackled it. 

Tim is said to be the descendant of the great Steve Jobs, the founder of Apple. The charisma and ability of Steve Jobs were hard to match. 

Everyone thought that after the demise of Steve, Apple would sink with him. But then Tim Cook comes who took the responsibility and kept the company on track to triple its value in 8 years. 

Every young aspirant looks after him for his excellent decision-making ability and how well he has not only handled such a big company like Apple but steered to grow even more prominent than anyone expected it to.

Elon Musk. Tesla, SpaceX, and The Quest for Fantastic Future by Ashlee Vange

Ance uses Musk’s story to investigate one of the important questions of our age: can the nation of inventors and creators who commenced the modern world for a 100 years still race in an age of intense global competition? 

He claims that Musk is a mixture of fabulous inventors and industrialists like those of Thomas Edison, Henry Ford, and Steve Jobs. More than any other entrepreneur in today’s time, Musk has devoted his energies and his large wealth to creating a future that is as rich, far-reaching and exciting as it was in the visionaries of the golden age of science-fiction stories. 

Mr Musk is an inspiration for the young striving tech buds. Musk’s story of how he managed to escape almost bankruptcy to come the most revolutionary entrepreneur is a hell of a journey itself. His ultimate goal is to colonize the planet Mars. 

He has been called mad over this, but Musk doesn’t care all that and is currently engaged in his pursue to send people to Mars and colonize it in such a way that most people can afford it. For this, he is using reusable technology in the rocket.

Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson

This book is based on more than 40 interviews with Steve Jobs directed in over two years of span. Along with the meetings with more than one hundred family members, friends, rivals, competitors, and colleagues, Walter Isaacson was given unparalleled access to Steve Jobs’ life. 

Jobs is said to have urged the people interviewed to speak honestly. Although Jobs agreed about the book, he asked for no authority over its content other than the book’s cover and asked the right to see it before it was published. 

Steve was said to be ahead of his times. He has introduced so many new technologies that no one else thought of it before. Steve was once even fired from his own company by the directors for his outrageous decisions which couldn’t be understood by the people of that.

Lean Six Sigma Pocket Toolbook by John Maxey

Lean Six Sigma Pocket

The Lean Six Sigma Pocket Tool book is a modern-day most complete and results-based reference to the tools and ideas needed to comprehend, implement, and take advantage of Lean Six Sigma. The only book that groups tools by purpose and utilization; this hands-on reference provides any features like:

Examination of almost 100 tools and methodologies–from DMAIC and Pull Systems to Control Charts and Pareto Charts.

Detailed descriptions of each tool to help you understand how, when, and why to use it for the highest efficacy. Sections for every tool describing how to make it, how to analyze what you find, and expert tips. 

Lean Six Sigma is the current day leading method to maximize production efficiency and gain control over each step in the managerial processes. With “The Lean Six Sigma Pocket Tool book”, you will discover how to boost your organization to new levels of competitive achievement one tool at a time.

The CEO Difference by D. A. Benton

CEO diffrence

In the book The CEO Difference, he presents you the insight and means to make subtle modifications in your presentation, attitude, and leadership manner that will dramatically improve your leadership effectiveness and, consequently, assist you enjoy work and life. 

Learn how to differentiate yourself with tangible steps to get where you want to go.

The CEO Difference explains how to put your career on an uphill trajectory through confidently distinguishing yourself, openness to change, self-motive, and staying intellectually interested.

CEO Material. How to Be Leader In Any Organization by D. A. Benton

CEO Material

In CEO Material, D. A. Benton confers you how to become extremely visible and unquestionably indispensable to your company. 

You’ll learn how to propose confidence, even when something hasn’t worked your way. You’ll recognize the importance of being a generalist, able to understand every aspect of your business’s structure and function. 

You’ll find out how to keep learning and to improve so that you never sense stuck, much less seem so to decision-makers.

The 7 Habits Of Highly Effective People by Stephen R. Covey

When Stephen Covey first published his book The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People, the book converted an instant rage because people quickly got up and took note that their lives were directed off in the wrong direction. 

More than that, they understood that there were so many mild things they could do in order to drive their life correctly. 

This book was a wonderful lesson for people, education on how to live a life entirely and get closer to the model of being a ‘success’ in life.

Built To Last. Successful Habits Of Visionary Companies by Jim Collins and Jerry I. Porras

Built to Last

This book is the result of his six years of research. Published in 1994 by James C. Collins who is more commonly known as Jim Collins and Jerry Porras, it’s long been a contemporary classic and has been interpreted in over 25 languages.

Collins and Porras led a survey with hundreds of CEOs of the world’s top companies at the time and then assembled a list of 18 visionary companies, which they then completely analyzed, examined and compared with their non-visionary counterparts.

They wanted to find out what has assisted them in staying successful over the decades, and, in some cases, even a century. Here are the three reasons in the book that most struck me:

  1. Visionary companies are like a cult
  2. Without a core ideology, a company will never be visionary.
  3. You don’t need a great idea to start a great company.

Good To Great by Jim Collins

The author defines leadership in terms of 5 different stages, with Level 5 being the top level in the hierarchy. Following are the characteristics of a Level 5 leader:

The first and foremost think of the achievement of their organization and then personal wealth. These are the leaders who are humble but show absolute fierceness in getting the job done

These people think regarding the future of their companies without them and plan about their continuation.

They are modest and rarely like to discuss themselves or their accomplishments. They favour sharing the credit with others as compared to other “good” company leaders who are self-obsessed and egoistic.

Level 5 leaders always allocate the credit of success to others, and if there were no one to the credit, they credited towards ‘Luck.’

In times of failure, they take responsibility. This was accurately the opposite in case of leaders of ‘good’ or failed organizations.

Great By Choice by Jim Collins and Morten T. Hansen

Great by Choice differentiates itself from Collins’s prior work by its locus on the type of volatile environments faced by leaders today.

The new findings in the book are: The best leaders were more disciplined, more experimental, and more paranoid. Following the assumption that leading in a “fast world” only requires “fast decisions” and “fast action” is a reliable way to get killed. 

The great companies evolved less in reaction to a completely changing world than the comparison companies.

Option B by Sheryl Sanberg and Adam Grant

Option B

Option B is an original book about facing difficulty, building flexibility, and finding joy.

Option B blends Sheryl’s insights beside Adam’s eye-opening study on discovering strength in the face of adversity. 

It searches the stories of a broad range of people who have succeeded challenges in their lives, recognizes how we can best talk to and supports others in disaster, and offers practical tips for designing resilient families, communities, and workplaces.

Give and Take. A Revolutionary Approach to Success by Adam Grant

Give and Take sheds light on what effective networking, influence, collaboration, negotiation, and leadership skills have in general.

For generations, we have concentrated on the individual drivers of accomplishment: passion, talent, hard work, and luck. But today, success is more dependent on how we communicate with others. It turns out that at the workplace, most people operate as a matcher, takers, or givers. 

Whereas takers endeavour to gain as much as possible from others and matchers intend to trade evenly, givers are the unique breed of people who provide to others without anticipating anything in return.

Grit. The Power of Passions and Perseverance by Angela Duckworth

Grit the Power of Passions and Perseverance

In this must-read book for anyone endeavouring to succeed, pioneering psychiatrist Angela Duckworth shows parents, students, educators, and business people both experienced and new that the mystery to outstanding achievement is not genius but a directed persistence called grit. 

In Grit, Duckworth shares research looking at why one person would rise to be an optimist & another to be a worrier.

The study achieved with a group of middle school students. It looked for “helpless” students whom they believed struggled due to their deficiency of intellectual ability and not for a short of effort.

She hypothesized that their “core assumptions about success and learning” made them depressed, not their past defeats.

In the study, she distributed those same kids into two groups. They allotted half to a “success-only” program. They would praise the kids for performing well no matter how many math questions they solved. They did this each day over the program of several weeks.

The other half they allowed to an “attribution retraining program”. The students solved math problems as well. Sometimes, they told the students that they hadn’t done enough questions and that they should have worked harder. It showed exactly what they were expecting. 

The children of group one were more optimistic against group B. More such studies are done and explained in the book.

Start With Why by Simon Sinek

Start with Why

The book starts with a correlation of the two main ways to control human behaviour. Administration and inspiration. Sinek claims that inspiration is the most powerful and sustainable of the two. 

Sinek says people are motivated by a sense of purpose (or “Why”), and that this should come primarily when interacting, before “How” and “What”.

The Lean Startup by Eric Ries

In The Lean Start-up, Eric Ries put out the works of successful startups like making minimal viable products (“MVPs”), extensive customer-centric testing based on a measure, build, learn a method of constant innovation, and deciding whether to continue or pivot. 

The Lean Start-up approach encourages companies that are both greater capital efficient and that of leverage human creativity more effectively. 

Sparked by readings from lean manufacturing, it depends on “validated learning,” active scientific experimentations, as well as a whole of counter-intuitive methods that shorten product development periods. 

Measure actual growth without resorting to showing metrics, and determine what customers want. It enables a company to change directions with agility, adjusting plans inch by inch, minute by minute.

Rather than exhausting time building elaborate business strategies, The Lean Start-up offers entrepreneurs, in companies of all sizes a way to experiment with their vision continuously, to adjust and change before it’s too late. 

Ries presents a scientific approach to building and managing successful startups in an age when companies need to innovate more than ever before.

Testing in Scrum. A Guide for Software Quality Assurance in the Agile World by Tilio Linz

Testing in Scrum

Apphawks as a QA company could not miss to emphasize on the importance of testing and product quality. So last but not the least, we are listing one book focusing on software QA only.  

The book is all about agile testing and methods from the viewpoint of a software tester and software quality assurance management.

 Software development managers, quality assurance managers and project managers will learn tips and tricks on how to conduct testing and quality to maintain their impact and influence on agile projects. Expert certified testers and software quality assurance specialists will be capable of learning how to work within agile software teams successfully and how to integrate their expertise in the best way possible.

 The role of a software tester in an agile environment is discussed in the book as below:

  •     Attending sprint-planning sessions
  •     Technical and communication skills.
  •     Testing throughout the sprint.
  •     Meeting with developers for short hand-off demonstrations.
  •     Attend sprint retrospectives
  •     Documentation of Test cases

 In the book, there are five case studies included from the manufacturing, software industry, and online-trade as well as test exercises for self-assessment of the reader. 

This book will help any CEO of software company understand that this job much more than managing from the top. It will help him understand the importance of the quality assurance process. Then he can take prompt reflective decisions to manage the quality of the products to be launched.


A CEO doesn’t read all kinds of books. Their central focus is on Non-Fiction, which helps and assists them in gathering prominent thoughts and ideas. 

Later on, they utilize likewise to their personal and professional lives. If you ask a CEO the cause behind their success; instantly, you will get an answer that they are successful because of their great reading habits. 

While most of us collect some motivation from films, a CEO doesn’t do that. Instead, they rely on books for their motivation. According to them, there are a lot of non-fiction stories that guide them how hard work makes a person climb the stairs of success and finally touch his/her objective or goal in life. 

Being a CEO is a very active and hectic job. Often, you have to say bye-bye to good night’s sleep. This can lead to a lack of enthusiasm and determination to do the hard work. 

CEOs retain themselves motivated with an intense desire to accomplish what they want by reading good books. These are some of the reasons that enforce CEOs to acquire great reading habits. 

Not just CEOs, it is imperative for everybody to read. At one point of life or another, what you have read earlier, will help you.


Software Testing in Startups: Challanges, Process and Strategies

26 February 2019 Apphawks

Table of Contents

Before jumping into the main topic – software testing in startups, first let us look at what software testing is and why does anyone need it. 

Software testing is a process which is used to evaluate software’s functionality. The main goal is to find that the software that an organization or an individual has developed meets the specific requirements and expectations or not. 

Several bugs and defects are also identified using the software testing process so that the user will have a bug-free product and smooth experience with the software. There are many types of software testing which can be employed. 

The type of software testing which needs to be incorporated depends mainly on the project that you are working on and the type of testing chosen will greatly affect the quality of the software or application. 

In this article, we will discuss software testing in startups. Challenges and different strategies that are employed for Software Testing and Quality Assurance process in startups. 

Software Testing in Startups: Why Startups Should Have a Testing Process Launch?

Whenever someone installs an app in their mobile phone or installs software in their personal computer the one thing they expect is that the app or the software should work properly and also it should run smoothly. 

If an app or a software loses data, crashes all the time, gives us the wrong answer or it runs too slowly, then the customer using the app become really frustrated, you might know the feeling because this kind of problems is common with many applications nowadays. 

With the advancement of technology, any organization or individual can develop an app or a software very easily and a user can download it very easily too. But there are very few apps which work smoothly and does not cause any type of problem. Even in the applications or software provided by the large organization have too many issues and bugs. 

These bugs and defect software or application might turn out to be costly for both the developer and the client. And when we consider a startup there is so much on the line, they have wasted so many resources to develop an app or software and when it causes a problem then every effort and resource is just down the drain. That’s the main reason why a software startup or any other organization requires a testing process and a quality assurance process. 



Financial Cost of Software Bugs

The statistics that come from several studies also prove that the errors and the bugs in software cost so much of the resources. According to a study conducted in 2002 by the Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the errors and the bugs in the software are so prevalent and detrimental that they cost up to $59.5 billion per year to the U.S. economy which is roughly 0.6% of the United States’ gross domestic product. 

There is one more well-known incident which shows the catastrophic impact of these software failures.

In 2013, the website for the healthcare exchange was said to be a disaster by the users and the main reason for this is a simple problem of software problem. So, in order to build a better website, they have to spend around 292 million USD which is 3 times the initial estimate for building the website. 

The common thinking here is that the organization invest so much money and effort on making the software so why not they test it and fix all the bugs. The thing is no one can build perfect error-free software. 

Every form of software is prone to bug or errors due to various technical complexities which are mind-boggling. Most of the software and the apps are built with a package containing millions of lines of codes. And around 80% share of the development cost is being spent on debugging by most of the software development teams. 

There are many factors which contribute to the quality issues of software some of these factors are decreasing the returns on debugging and testing together along with the limited liability provided by the software vendors. 

With all the facts we can clearly say that software testing in startups is a very important and crucial because it provides stakeholders, end users, and developers with vital information regarding the performance and functionality of the software. The implementation of the testing process can be employed at any point of time in the development process, it also depends on the type of testing method which is chosen for testing. 

Now the software testing in startups can be implemented in two ways, by manual testing or automated testing. 

Manual testing as the name suggests is performed manually by human testers who check the correctness of the software, experience of the users and then report bugs manually. On the other hand, automated testing is performed using various lightweight or open source tools like Selenium, Sahi or others. 

A good testing process involves both types of testing because there are many things which are not detected by automated testing therefore in order to be more precise manual testing is also performed on top of the automated testing. In many expensive and large custom projects of software development, the requirements are complex and change very frequently. So, in order to deal with the changing requirements agile software testing is employed. 

Startups and Agile Testing

The main feature of agile software testing in startups is that the software testing process should be an integral part and it should not be taken as a separate phase in the software development process. Agile development also employs more and more software testing.

Check Out Our New Testing Services Plans

We have the right testing plan for Startups, Businesess and Enterprises.
You can start from 10 to 100+ hours weekly.

In Agile development, the coding part and testing part is done incrementally and iteratively, working and creating on every feature of the software one by one until it seems reliable and provides a good amount of value in order to be released for production. 

If a defect is found earlier in the software testing process, then it will be much easier and cheaper to fix that particular defect. After the development of the software, the process of fixing a bug or a defect will cost 100X than the cost which will be required to fix the bug if it is found early in the software testing process. 

Every startup should spend at least 2–4 weeks of dedicated time on debugging. This is crucial in order to find some major bugs or defects and also to ask various what if question which will help them to ding any unforeseen error which might come up later on in the software. 

There are many companies which will help you with these particular processes. Companies for software’s quality assurance and companies of software testing will assist you with accurate debugging and testing. 

After the completion of testing and debugging any type of software or application can be converted into a consistent and strong product. 

There are three main problems that every software startup faces in terms of testing, and they hope that these problems are addressed well by software quality assurance company. One is the issue of the time crunch. The second one is the lack of expertise in the development team which is fulfilled by the software quality assurance company. The third problem is that many startups don’t know about the point from which they have to start attacking the quality problems of the software. 

These software testing and software quality assurance companies are experts in analyzing the problems and implementing procedures for test automation. To evaluate the software so that the issues in the software can be detected and resolved to keep in mind the deadlines for the project. Their experience, specialized knowledge and expertise of industrial tools ensure a reliable and smooth solution for startups. 

Software Testing In Startups: The Biggest Challenges in Terms of QA process

Startups face lots of challenges in their process of growing not only in terms of quality assurance and software testing but in every field. They have to keep up with the ever-changing technology, they have to manage their resources carefully and should monitor the progress of everything so that they can grow rapidly. 


In terms of Quality assurance, there are certain challenges faced by startups, but there is a solution to everything so if those solutions are employed correctly then the path to success can be wide open. 

Here are some of the biggest challenges when it comes to software testing in startups:

Achieving The Dream In One Step

Everyone wants to achieve success as quickly as possible. In startups also, you want to release everything at ones. In reality, this is not true. 

You can’t release every single feature in just one version of the software due to so many obvious factors like budget and time constraints. Sometimes having an owner or leader who is indecisive can also prove to be an obstacle. 

Unrealistic Schedule 

Everyone can think of a perfect schedule in which any type of work can be achieved in the desired amount of time but most of the times they forget that they have to put in a lot of work to follow their planned schedule. 

They should plan carefully and give testers more than enough time to test the software or the application. Making an unrealistic schedule can be the biggest and worst problem and it will greatly affect the Quality Assurance of the software. 

Plan the schedule well before starting testing and quality assurance. 

Changing And Unclear Requirements 

This is a very common challenge faced by startups and every other software organization because the requirements of the clients always change and many times the clients don’t know what they exactly want and layout unclear requirements to the company. 

These unclear and changing requirements can cost so many resources and efforts to the company. This cannot be avoided as well because the requirements of the client will change the only thing startups can do is that they can adopt a methodology in which they can incorporate these changing requirements without changing the whole core of the software. 

Utilization Of Automation Tools

This can be a point of advantage for startups but can also be proven as quite a big challenge to them in terms of Quality Assurance. Every company uses automation tools to optimize their testing and quality assurance process. But choosing a good automation tool requires some expert knowledge and one more thing to keep in mind is that the company should not 100% rely on automation tools. 

Some manual quality assurance should also be employed to ensure that there is no unseen defect left in the software. 

Lack Of Expertise And Resources

This type of challenge in most common in Startups as they are new in Business and they don’t have a proper market growth so there is a chance that they can run out of resources.

The primary challenge here is however the lack of expertise in the area of Quality Assurance and software testing. 

Most of the startup spent a lot of resources in developing the software while the phase of Quality Assurance is given a lot less attention. So trained resources and experience should be provided to these startups regarding Quality Assurance. 

Team Issues 

Startup is built on a dedicated and hardworking team but the team consists of human being so there are very high chances of an unresolved issue between team members which will compromise the integrity and quality of the software. 

Software Testing In Startups – Good Practices

These are few of the major challenges faced by the startups in terms of Quality assurance, but these issues can be resolved easily if proper measures are taken. 

First and foremost, the communication within the team should be very good and smooth. Everyone should understand their role and respect every other team member. Communication proves handy in case of identifying and fixing bugs. 

Another good measure is to take help from other companies which provide quality assurance, this will increase the speed of the work and the chances of errors will also decrease by a great factor. 

Last and the most important thing every company should incorporate in their culture is reviewing its product as much as they can. This will help the companies move forward if they are stuck in a situation and it will also make their product close to perfect. 

Every review will bring up more defects and bugs so every time the number of defects and bugs are getting fixed and decreasing.

When Should Startups Hire a QA team?


This is also a challenge faced by startups in terms of Quality Assurance. Deciding when to hire a Quality Assurance team seems like a simple decision but it affects so much for a startup. 

If a company hire a Quality Assurance team too early, then there is a risk of spending the limited cash on Quality Assurance before it is necessary. If Quality Assurance team is hired too late than the risk is even bigger because the software is at the later stages of development and a bug is identified later. 

Read–> Software Testing Company As A Partner. What the Point?

The cost of fixing might be much higher than the cost required to fix the bug in the early stages of the software development process. Before making this kind of decision which can affect the resources and quality of the product, the importance of hiring a Quality Assurance team and the value of hiring a Quality Assurance team at a particular stage should be kept in mind.

There are some products like a chat app or a social networking app which can survive only for a short period of time without a thorough and complete Quality Assurance process. 

The software or applications which handle a very large amount of data containing sensitive user information needs a very thorough and complete Quality Assurance from the early stages of the Software development process. 

So first and foremost, identify how important is the Quality Assurance to your software or product then only go ahead in making the decision.

Idea stage to the stage of Minimum Viability of your Product (MVP)

When your software or product is just in the idea stage the Quality Assurance is very likely to be a waste of resources and money. This is because the product is just an idea, and nothing has been developed yet so there will be absolutely no work for the Quality Assurance team hence there will be no point in hiring them. 

Most of the startups have limited funds at the idea stage so they should put most of their resources in developing their product and taking the software from the idea stage to the MVP stage, focusing on Quality Assurance at this time will be waste of efforts and resources. 

But you can apply Quality Assurance as broad strokes. At this stage, the Quality Assurance will help you in realizing the best ways to do certain things and it will also help you in turning bad ideas into good ones.

If Quality Assurance is used moderately and smartly it will help you in developing your product and it will help you with moving in the right direction when your software is in MVP stage and it can certainly help you realize a smoother and faster process to do such things. 

But don’t give too much importance to Quality Assurance at this time rather use it to prove the feasibility of your product and also while discovering certain issues which might affect the development process so that you can take measures to avoid it and move forward with the software development process. 

In the Alpha and Beta Stages of your Product 

This is the stage at which the importance and need for Quality Assurance seem to grow higher. At these stages, you are giving your software to others to experience it and the software is no longer for internal use only and during this stage more focus in on creating a good functioning product for the investors of the company. Therefore, it is highly recommended to hire a Quality Assurance team at this stage so that most of the issues are fixed before handing the product to the investors and the community. 

At this stage, Quality Assurance is about finding defects and bugs in your software or application’s structure and design. Here the testing is being done to uncover issues and bugs at the source code level which might be responsible for holding the progress of your software or the application as you move forward in the software development process. 

Generally, at this time most of the startups showcase their product to the investors, so the Quality Assurance and testing become more prevalent to ensure that the software is ready for demonstration and there is no major defect which might cause the investors to back down. 

When the investors see a defect-free product then there will be high chances of getting good capital from the investors for further development of your product. The main thing to achieve here is to show that your company is focused on creating a high-quality product. 

When the product enters in the Beta stage the testing of the software will help you in identifying bugs and defects in your software so that it can be fixed before giving it to the earliest customers of the company. 

This provides a lot of vital information to fix some major defects and bugs in the software or application so that it won’t affect the beta launch and initial post-launch of your software in a negative way. 

Before and Shortly After launching your product

At this stage, the Quality Assurance testing is very important. The main focus of Quality Assurance testing process at this stage is on testing the complete application and verify whether the software or the application is ready for launch or not. 

It is also beneficial in determining the risks that are associated with each defect and bug which will affect the software and also the potential costs related to those risks. 

After launching the product, software testing in startups is used for finding defects and bugs and eventually performing thorough testing in order to make sure that the software runs smoothly and provides a user-friendly and bug-free experience. At this stage fixing bugs can have serious effects on your market reputation so everything should be done carefully. 

These are the stages at which you should consider before hiring a Quality Assurance team. This also depends on the type of project which you are involved in but in most of the cases, the above arguments are true. 

QA To Engineer Ratio – What Does It Mean


As the name suggests this is simply the ratio of the number of team members performing the Quality Assurance process to the number of engineers involved in the project. 

These types of ration usually make sense only in larger companies and corporations where the people are seen as numbers but in case of startups which are usually small in scale, there is no sense of this ratio. 

The ratio depends on the project and all projects are different. In some project, an engineer can be employed on the project which consists of performing full regression which runs on every platform which usually takes some days. While more than one engineer can be allocated to work in the animations which can be tested in just a few minutes. 

Projecting the quality on the basis of some arbitrary ratios should never be utilized for measuring the quality of the product. It should be performed using spirint planning, grooming, or any other type of meeting where you can entail using only knowledge and not any arbitrary ratios. 

In some startups, the cost of Quality Assurance testing using spring planning is calculated. Test cases are also written and added to the stories into the latest release version. Those test cases are added to the stories as well. 

With the help of this, the company will get to know the added cost and they will be aware of what they are testing, and it is also done to ensure that they have a definite coverage. 

Several startups review every test case which concerns with major features. They also run a Quality Assurance triage while performing full regression every time when any feature goes into a phase of integration and everything else is included in the release. Startups are usually small, but the communication issues and the visibility should not be taken for granted if the main goal is to scale into a larger organization. 

Testing Strategies For Startups 

Every startup founder has a lot of things in his mind. There are many obstacles and roadblocks on the path towards success, but good decision makers will thrive their way to the top by overcoming every challenge that comes along the way. 

Whether the product is in Alpha stage or in Beta stage which means whether customers can use it or not the software should be functional and smooth with the minimum number of bugs and defects. 

Therefore, to make sure that their product is intact and have minimum bugs it is important for startups to make a testing strategy which will bend to their capabilities and work according to their application development requirement. 

1. Use The MVP

In the beginning, make a small and simple version of your product (MVP). The team working on the software development process can easily understand the goal. 

Building a MVP will cost much lesser money and the time taken to create. Working with MVP will have less risk associated with it in case of failure. If it is successful, then the company will already have a structure to build on and to create a new piece of code. The company will be sure to meet every user requirement. 

The MVP stage should not be ignored by startups because this can cause a major setback at the later stages of the software development process. 

2. Utilize Everyone For Testing

It is better to be one step ahead of everyone else so that one step is having dedicated testers and Quality Assurance team working in your startup. But there are many startups which do not have enough resources to afford a testing and Quality Assurance team. 

To overcome such type of problem the startup can devote other team members like the members of the development team and business analyst too to contribute their efforts in testing. 

Some of them can be used to assess the functionality of the software while some can be used to take the feedback on the performance of your software. The negative feedback can be taken into consideration and can be fixed by the developers by directly changing the code. 

The most important thing in such cases is to prioritize the work and then proceed further because major issues need to be fixed urgently when compared to some smaller bugs. 

3. Investing In Helpful Resources 

While we can employ other team members to do the testing, providing them with the best assets and good technology for testing and other purposes will aid them in succeeding. One of the best assets a company can provide is investing in agile test management. 

In the environment of agile software development collaboration and communication are highly valued and agile test management is capable of facilitating both of these practices. The test management tools scale parallel with your organization, the bigger the organization the better and bigger will be their test management tools. 

Companies can also invest in better automation tools, but they should not fully neglect the benefits of manual testing. But investing in a good automation tool can optimize the work at a very greater level and can also result in the saving of some resources and efforts by optimizing the manual testing process. 

4. Implementing a QA Process In Startups

The main goal of hiring or having a Software Tester in startups is that they can ensure that the product that is built met or not requirements and whether the development team involved in the project have a good understanding of the performance and the functionality of all the new features of the product or not.

One of the important things to keep in mind is that software testing in startups should not be treated as a separate phase, it should be considered as a part of the development process, it starts from the beginning of the software development process when the stories of users are written. 

Development should be supported in the testing process, therefore, the activities involved in testing goes parallel with all the activities involved in the development process. 

Not only that at each stage of the software development process you need to make sure that the code is completely and carefully tested. But before implementing a software testing in startups and Quality Assurance process make sure that you know the development methodology that is being used currently and the processes also and the various adjustments should be made for improving the process. 

5. Software Testing Services For Startups

Startups can also invest in Software Testing Services to make things easier. Because in most of the startups the expertise and experience in the field of testing and Quality Assurance are not present therefore hiring companies which provide software testing services and quality assurance will make their way to success easier. 

 Read more => 21 Software Testing Service Companies For Startups and Businesses

We have already discussed why the software testing services and quality assurance cannot be ignored by software startups and any other software company as it impacts their products 

These Software Testing Services provide assistance and insight at every step of the software development process.  They will also provide you more control over the whole process so that everything will be done according to your needs and requirements. 

This will result in better and higher productivity for your team and organization. Most of the startup teams have expert developers and managers but they don’t have experienced QA Testers. 

In that case outsourcing the testing process to companies that provide good software testing services might be a good available given it is not a big investment and the value they offer is noticeable. 

Read more => QA Testing Service Companies: How They Work

Software Testing In Startups – Conclusion 

Any software startup should seriously consider the effects of performing software testing and quality assurance of their product as it will eventually decide their future success. 

There are many challenges for a startup in terms of Quality Assurance but with proper measures, these challenges can be overcome so that the quality of the product should not be compromised. 

The decision of when to hire a quality assurance team should also be discussed to a great extent because the resources are limited for a startup. 

Moreover, the main aim is to provide a bug-free product which runs smoothly and fulfills every requirement of the customers. 



Let’s have a talk